International Journal of Psychiatry Research

International Journal of Psychiatry Research


International Journal of Psychiatry Research
International Journal of Psychiatry Research
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2021)

Screening the cognitive impairment among older outpatient population of a general hospital and comparison of the MoCA and MMSE tests


StamatinaTolia, Maria Karanikola, Klimentini Karageorgiou, Giorgos Alevizopoulos

Objectives: To examin the random non- clinically recognized cognitive impairment of 300 individuals admitted to a general hospital, to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale (MoCA) as a screening tool in Greek elder population. To investigate the predictive value of sociodemographic- health variables on participants’ performance. Methods: MoCA was used as the essential cognitive assessment tool and after, the Mini Mental State Examination scale (MMSE) was administered. IPAQ scale evaluated physical activity and Hamilton Depression rating scale was used to identify patients with depression and exclude them. Results: Mean age was 65.4 years. Comorbidities were present in 76.7%. Agreement between the results of MMSE and MoCA test was found in 43.3% of the cases. Subjects with moderate or high physical activity levels had 48% lower odds for having cognitive impairment. Conclusion: Education and physical activity enhance the prevention of cognitive decline. MoCA test demonstrated a superior sensitivity to detect mild cognitive impairment.
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How to cite this article:
StamatinaTolia, Maria Karanikola, Klimentini Karageorgiou, Giorgos Alevizopoulos. Screening the cognitive impairment among older outpatient population of a general hospital and comparison of the MoCA and MMSE tests . International Journal of Psychiatry Research. 2021; 3(1): 01-07.