Good sleep quality is essential for physical and mental well-being. Sleep disturbances and poor sleep quality can impact on work performance of health professionals and health workers which effect on health care delivery to patients. Poor sleep quality or disturbance can impact on the academic performance of students and risk for developing various psychological disorders. Aims and Objectives:
To assess the quality of sleep and related factors among Residents, Interns, Staff nurses and Medical students. Material and Methods:
The Cross-Sectional study was carried out in January 2020 to March 2020 period. Total 200 persons were selected for study. Among them 50 Medical students, 50 Residents, 50 Staff nurses and 50 Interns. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale, and Demographic Questionnaire were used for the collection of data. Results:
Among the study population, the highest poor sleep quality was found among medical student’s total global mean PQSI score of 6.5 followed by residents (mean PQSI score 5.96), staff nurses (mean PQSI score 5.12). Interns had good sleep quality with mean PQSI score 3.85. There were significant association of sleep quality PQSI score among study population (p<0.001). Poor sleep quality had significant association with Daytime dysfunctions among Medical students, Residents, Staff nurses (p<0.0001). Conclusion:
Sleep quality was poor among medical students, residents, staff nurses. Poor sleep quality association with daytime dysfunction was found among Medical students, Residents, Staff nurses. Poor quality sleep score was reported among demographic variable like Rotation shift, Mobile use, Cigarette smoking and caffeinated drink intake. But some variables were not significant statistically. Further research is needed for identifying factors affecting poor quality to prevent consequences of disturbed or poor quality of sleep.
Bhavesh J Dhedhi, Prashanth Challuri, Gyan Nihal N, Pramod KR Mallepalli, Ravulapati Sateesh Babu. Study of sleep quality among residents, interns, staff nurses and medical students. Int. J. Psychiatry Res. 2020;2(2):05-08.