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International Journal of Psychiatry Research

Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A (2024)

Psychosocial functioning in alcohol dependence: A study of self-efficacy and global adjustment

Author(s):

Vikas Kumar and Dr. Manisha Kiran

Abstract:

Background: Alcohol Dependence significantly affects psychological, social, and occupational functioning, impacting emotional stability, family relationships, health, and social environment. While self-efficacy is crucial in managing alcohol use, its broader impact on global adjustment domains is underexplored. Understanding these impacts is essential for developing comprehensive interventions.
Objective: The objective of the present study is to assess self-efficacy and global adjustment in individuals with alcohol dependence and compare these measures to those of a normal control group.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 participants, comprising individuals with Alcohol Dependence (N=100) and Normal Controls (N=100). Data were collected using purposive sampling. Sociodemographic variables were matched between the groups to ensure comparability. Participants were assessed using standardized self-efficacy and global adjustment scales. The data were analyzed using Independent Samples t-tests and chi-square tests.
Results: The analysis showed no significant differences in sociodemographic variables between the two groups. However, individuals with Alcohol Dependence exhibited markedly lower self-efficacy scores (Mean ± SD: 20.870±6.50) compared to Normal Controls (Mean ± SD: 29.440±4.87, P=0.000). Furthermore, significant disparities were observed across all domains of global adjustment, including emotional stability, family relationships, health, occupational functioning, sex-related behavior, and social environment (P=0.000 for all domains).
Conclusion: The study highlights that Alcohol Dependence profoundly impacts self-efficacy and multiple domains of global adjustment. These findings underscore the need for comprehensive and multifaceted interventions addressing both substance use and associated psychosocial challenges to improve overall well-being and functioning in individuals with Alcohol Dependence.

Pages: 43-47  |  91 Views  38 Downloads


International Journal of Psychiatry Research
How to cite this article:
Vikas Kumar and Dr. Manisha Kiran. Psychosocial functioning in alcohol dependence: A study of self-efficacy and global adjustment. Int. J. Psychiatry Res. 2024;6(1):43-47. DOI: 10.33545/26648962.2024.v6.i1a.67
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